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Thursday, May 28, 2009

All About Peas

picture courtesy: howstuffworks
A pea is most commonly the small spherical seed / seed-pod of the legume Pisum sativum, generaly a green, pod-shaped fruit, widely grown as a cool-season vegetable crop across the globe.

The species is used as a vegetable, often eaten raw / boiled, used in soups & salads, and even fresh, frozen or canned. Peas form an important part of the diet of most people globally.
Processed peas are mature peas which have been processed to prevent spoilage.
Pea pods do not keep well once picked, and if they are not used quickly, they should be preserved by drying, canning / freezing within a few hours of harvest.

Types of Green Peas with edible pods:

  • Little Marvel
  • Wando
  • Maestro
  • Oregon Sugar Pod II
  • Super Sugar Snap
  • Snow Wind
  • Paso
Peas used in various Cuisines:

  1. Pod peas (sugar peas / snow peas) are used in stir-fried dishes, particularly those in American Chinese cuisine.
  2. In India, fresh peas (matar in Hindi) are used in various dishes such as aloo matar (curried potatoes with peas) or matar paneer (cotage cheese with peas), though they can be substituted with frozen peas as well.
  3. In Japan, China, Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia, the peas are roasted and salted, and eaten as snacks.
  4. In the UK, dried yellow split peas are used to make pease pudding / pease porridge, a traditional dish.
  5. In North America, peas are used in a traditional dish, known as split pea soup.
  6. In Chinese cuisine, pea sprouts are commonly used in stir-fries.
  7. In Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, and other parts of the Mediterranean, peas are made into a stew with meat and potatoes.
  8. In the United Kingdom, dried, rehydrated and mashed marrowfat peas (mushy peas), are popular and used as an accompaniment to fish and chips / meat pies.

source: wikipedia

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