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Wednesday, May 20, 2009

All about Beans

picture courtesy: tradeget.com

Bean is a common name for large plant seeds consumed for human food and even animal feed.
The young pods of bean plants are eaten whole (cooked or raw). Thus the word "green beans" means unripe beans.

"Bean" can be used as a near-synonym of "pulse", an edible legume. Beans are an important alternative source of protein in our everyday diet.

There are a wide range of beans including:
  • Vicia:Faba or broad bean
  • Vigna:
  • Aconitifolia or Moth bean
  • Angularis or azuki bean
  • mungo / urad bean
  • radiata / mung bean
  • umbellatta / ricebean
  • unguiculata / cowpea (includes the black-eyed pea, yardlong bean and others)
  • Cicer: arietinum / chickpea (also known as the garbanzo bean)
  • Pisum: sativum / pea
  • Lathyrus:
  • Lathyrus sativus (Indian pea)
  • Lathyrus tuberosus (Tuberous pea)
  • Lens: culinaris / lentil
  • Lablab: purpureus / hyacinth bean
  • Phaseolus: acutifolius / tepary bean
  • coccineus / runner bean
  • lunatus / lima bean
  • vulgaris / common bean (includes the pinto bean, kidney bean, caparrones, and many others)
  • Glycine: max / soybean
  • Psophocarpus: tetragonolobus / winged bean
  • Cajanus: cajan / pigeon pea
  • Stizolobium: spp / velvet bean
  • Cyamopsis: tetragonoloba / guar
  • Canavalia:
  • ensiformis / jack bean
  • gladiata / sword bean
  • Macrotyloma: M. uniflorum / horse gram
  • Lupinus / Lupin: L. mutabilis / tarwi
  • Erythrina: E. herbacea / Coral bean
source: wikipedia
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